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What to do if a wolf approaches

Standing 76 cm 30 inches tall at the shoulder, it weighs about 45 kg pounds , but weight ranges from 14 to 65 kg 31 to pounds , depending on the geographic area. Females average about 20 percent smaller than males. The largest wolves are found in west-central Canada, Alaska, and across northern Asia.

The smallest tend to be near the southern end of their distribution the Middle East , Arabia, and India. Fur on the upper body, though usually gray, may be brown, reddish, black, or whitish, while the underparts and legs are usually yellow-white. Light-coloured wolves are common in Arctic regions. Early human societies that hunted for survival admired the wolf and tried to imitate its habits, but in recent centuries the wolf has been widely viewed as an evil creature, a danger to humans especially in Eurasia , a competitor for big game animals, and a threat to livestock.

Depredation of livestock was the primary justification for eradicating the wolf from virtually all of the United States, Mexico, and most of Europe. Wolves in the United States were killed by every method imaginable in the 19th and early 20th centuries, and by they remained only in the northeastern corner of Minnesota. In the late 20th century, greater tolerance, legal protection, and other factors allowed their range to expand in portions of North America and Europe. Wolves are probably more popular now than at any other time in recorded history.

In wolves from Canada were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park and Idaho, and captive-reared Mexican wolves a subspecies were released to their former range in eastern Arizona beginning in At the beginning of the 21st century, an estimated 65,—78, wolves inhabited North America.

Endangered Wolf Center |

Some of the western states as well as Michigan and Wisconsin have smaller but recovering wolf populations. Canadian wolves are protected only within provincial parks, whereas all wolves in the contiguous United States receive some level of legal protection by federal and state governments. Populations in southern Europe and Scandinavia are relatively small but are increasing. The Eurasian population probably exceeds , and is stable or increasing in most countries, and most afford the wolf some degree of legal protection. Worldwide, wolves still occupy about two-thirds of their former range.

Although often thought of as wilderness animals, wolves can and do thrive close to people when they are not excessively persecuted and food is available. Wolves usually live in packs of up to two dozen individuals, but packs numbering 6 to 10 are most common.

What to do if a wolf approaches

A pack is basically a family group consisting of an adult breeding pair the alpha male and alpha female and their offspring of various ages. Each individual has its own distinct personality.

Самый большой волк на планете, The biggest wolf on the planet, Канадский волк, волк, крупный волк

The ability of wolves to form strong social bonds with one another is what makes the wolf pack possible. A dominance hierarchy is established within the pack, which helps maintain order. The alpha male and female continually assert themselves over their subordinates, and they guide the activities of the group. The female predominates in roles such as care and defense of pups, whereas the male predominates in foraging and food provisioning and in travels associated with those activities.

Both sexes are very active in attacking and killing prey, but during the summer hunts are often conducted alone. Wolves communicate with one another by visual signaling facial expression, body position, tail position , vocalizations , and scent marking. Howling helps the pack stay in contact and also seems to strengthen social bonds among pack members. Along with howling, marking of territory with urine and feces lets neighbouring packs know they should not intrude.

Intruders are often killed by resident packs, yet in some circumstances they are accepted. Breeding occurs between February and April, and a litter of usually five or six pups is born in the spring after a gestation period of about two months. The young are usually born in a den consisting of a natural hole or a burrow, often in a hillside. A rock crevice, hollow log, overturned stump, or abandoned beaver lodge may be used as a den, and even a depression beneath the lower branches of a conifer will sometimes suffice.

All members of the pack care solicitously for the young. The pups grow rapidly and are moved farther and more often as summer comes to an end. In autumn the pack starts to travel again within its territory, and the pups must keep up.

Animal Facts: Wolf

Most pups are almost adult size by October or November. After two or more years in the pack, many leave to search for a mate, establish a new territory, and possibly even start their own pack. Those who stay with the pack may eventually replace a parent to become a breeding animal alpha. Wolves that leave their packs are known to have traveled as far as km miles. Wolves are renowned for their wide-ranging travels, and it is not unusual for them to cover 20 km 12 miles or more in a day. They move and hunt mostly at night, especially in areas populated by humans and during warm weather.

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Our Vision Our vision is a world where endangered wolves and other wild canids exist and thrive in their native habitats, recognized and valued for their vital roles as leading members of a healthy ecosystem. Our Mission To preserve and protect Mexican wolves, red wolves and other wild canid species, with purpose and passion, through carefully managed breeding, reintroduction and inspiring education programs.

Get Involved Adopt a wolf or an endangered species, help sponsor our events or make a donation.